How to find startup ideas that make money


I am glad that my previous blog post Sorry, your “cool” webapp is probably not going to make money received good response and generated a lot of debate. What I discussed in that blog post was that most of the so called startups or webapps which are based on “game-changing” or “cool” ideas never end up making any money. So, if your aim is to make money, pursuing such ideas can be risky. While idea-driven startups rarely make money, I professed market-driven approach for someone looking to find startup ideas that actually make money.

Market-driven approach to finding startup ideas that make money

The market-driven approach is quite simple. It essentially means:

Find a startup idea that: a) is already making money for someone else in a growing industry; b) interests you; c) aligns with your skill sets. Once you find such an idea, simply carve out a niche within the industry by a) addressing pains of an under-served segment within that industry; b) or, making it much easier to use than existing solutions; c) or, disrupting the market by making your product accessible to masses at a much affordable price. And once you dominate a particular niche, expand from your niche with your eyes set on the largest player in the market.

There is a lot going on here, so let’s break it up.

Finding a startup idea

For most entrepreneurs, this is perhaps the most difficult phase of initiation. I have known people who would wait for years for that golden startup idea to strike. Truth is: even if you wait for years, startup ideas that are born out of vacuum almost never work. As Steve Blank says, no business survives first contact with the customer. So, why not skip the whole idea-game altogether and simply go ahead with ideas that other people have tried-and-tested? This is what market-driven approach is all about. Pick a growing market and simply make a better product.

Here are some essential ingredients of a market-driven startup idea:

  • Growing industry: this is important because a rising tide lifts all boats. Also, a growing industry means that most probably a strong leader is yet to be established and the field is open for many new players, one of whom could be you. How to find industries that are growing? One good resource is Inc’s 5000 fastest growing companies list. In that list you can find companies that are growing at >1000% every year for last 3 years and have revenues in millions of dollars. If they can do it, why can’t you?
  • Industry that interests you: aim is to not just make money but have fun on the way, right? Hence, it is important to pick a startup idea in an industry that appeals you. Even though eCommerce industry for ladies bags and purses might be growing, if you don’t see yourself passionate about it, don’t pick it!
  • Industry where you have a chance: it is bit obvious, but there are a lot of things in life that appeal us but we’ve got no chance (for geeks: most obvious example is dating a hot lady!). For example, it goes without saying that even if machine vision industry is growing and people are making money licensing such technology, if it requires a PhD and you don’t have it, probably it is not worthwhile to pursue an idea in that industry.

The key idea here is to find an industry (like SEO, document management, enterprise productivity, eCommerce for travel, etc.) where you know people are making money. Inc 5000, Mixergy interviews and Flippa.com are just some of the sources where companies reveal how much money they are making. Make a list of industries that make money for other people, appeal to you and are relevant to your skill set. Finally select any one of them (though in most cases you will end up with only 1 or 2 i which satisfy all three criteria). Don’t be ashamed of this activity as we are not “copying” business ideas, we are simply using information to select which industry should your startup should belong to.

But there are competitors in an established market!

That’s precisely the key to this approach. Lack of competitors in the market is serious indicator that nobody has found it profitable. So, you would want to pick a startup idea which has competitors. In addition to signalling that a market is profitable, competition also helps in positioning your startup. When you are new, nobody understands your offering and frankly nobody has time and patience to understand it. They are simply too busy to digest an entirely new idea or product offering. However, when you position it against established competition, you instantly have their attention and they instantly understand the differentiation. Now customers don’t have to understand new concepts, they simply understand what’s so different about you.

This strategy of positioning against established competition is very powerful. That’s why when cars were invented, they were first called horseless carriages. And that’s why I have positioned my startup Visual Website Optimizer as a much easier alternative to Google Website Optimizer with all features of Omniture Test and Target. (You may not understand the positioning but my target market of people who do A/B testing day in and day out would instantly get it.)

Even with all the benefits, many entrepreneurs still fear established competition. In previous step, once you pick an industry that you would want to start with, find a niche which you can dominate initially. It is important to become a leader in at least one aspect of your industry. That aspect can be:

  • Serving an under-served segment. Imagine you picked SEO as an industry, next step is to do research (hint: talking to people works best, but probably I will address this in next blog post) on what are the current pain points that are not addressed by existing solutions (including market leading). It may be the case that only a small segment is unhappy, but in a growing market even that small segment can be pretty large (in terms of revenue potential) for a startup. So, for example, you find that marketing agencies want a whitelabeled solution for their clients, there you have a startup idea: Whitelabeled SEO tools for agencies. Similarly, if it is document management, you may find that most solutions are so generic that a specific subset of market like accountants are craving for much better management of Excel spreadsheets. So, there you have another startup idea: document management for accountants and financial planners. (Warning: the two startup ideas above may or may not work. They are figment of my imagination with no market research!)
  • Another differentiator of your idea could be usability and ease of use. Most likely, customers in any industry are fed up with existing, bloated solutions with hard to use interfaces. Simply pick an industry and make it drop-dead easy to use. People usually drastically under-estimate how big advantage ease-of-use can be for a startup. However, simply look at some examples. File sharing existed before Dropbox. Social networking existed before Facebook. A/B testing existed before (my) Visual Website Optimizer. What all of these products did was to dramatically simplify the key activity in an industry. You can do the same. Taking example of SEO, make a product that makes it no brainer to generate new content and build backlinks for it. Make it so simple that even a 5th grader can do it and you have a winner.
  • Disrupt an industry with a lower (entry) price point. If your industry is growing and existing solutions are exorbitantly priced, there may be an opportunity to build a product as great as leading one in the market and simply provide it a dramatically lower price. Salesforce revolutionized CRM by offering their product for $10/user/month while leading CRM solutions at that point were costing tens of thousands of dollars.

Key point here is that it is important to carve out a niche that you can dominate with your startup in order to get noticed in a growing industry and get initial set of customers.

So, is this the end of my startup story?

No! In fact, this is just the beginning. Niche domination is not the aim. Industry domination is the aim. Visual Website Optimizer doesn’t only want to be the easiest A/B testing out there. In fact, aim is to be leading A/B testing tool out there. It’s going to be hard but not impossible. Idea is to expand feature-set horizontally and gain prominence outside of your niche slowly and steadily. Eventually, you should replace industry leader and in fact become a source of market-driven ideas for other startups. (I know, how meta)

Industry leading companies are run by people similar to you and they probably followed the path your startup is going to follow. So, there is no question that you cannot be an industry leader someday. It is a nice feeling to be a niche dominator, but don’t feel satisfied with it. Always set eyes on the industry leadership position! That’s where the big bucks are.

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25 Responses to “How to find startup ideas that make money”

  1. Kevin
    4. April 2011 at 14:26

    Nice post. Finding something that you are really passionate about is crucial.

    If you find something that might make money but you are not really passionate about it, you will fail because you will spend day and night on this. So you will either give up or deliver substandard product if your hart is not in it.

  2. startupbug.com
    4. April 2011 at 18:25

    How to find startup ideas that make money…

    I am glad that my previous blog post Sorry, your “cool” webapp is probably not going to make money received good response and generated a lot of debate. What I discussed in that blog post was that most of the so called startups or webapps which are bas…

  3. JIm Lastinger
    4. April 2011 at 19:05

    Excellent post. Many people do get into business to make money, imagine that. I believe that the purpose of a company is to make money, not to create the potential for making money. Good list of tips for finding a market in which you can start making money immediately.

  4. fajariady
    4. April 2011 at 19:45

    Nice Post. very usefull for me, because i’m a newbie.. thanks.. :)

  5. Ariel J
    4. April 2011 at 19:51

    +1 – I co-founded a company in a market that’s not glamorous, but it’s profitable. We worked back from a simple revenue model (recurring) to a space we knew (web apps) to a market that had needs (Mac attorneys) and users who were willing to pay. Being a UX designer by profession, we focused on usability. With some hard work and ingenuity, something was created that is self sustaining and rewarding on a personal and professional basis.

    I whole-heartedly agree with you that the most important thing to do is to get started. As a mentor said early on, “you have to be in business to get business.”

  6. Jasmeet Khurana
    4. April 2011 at 23:11

    I think I followed all the points, before reading the Post. I went into Solar Power with Headway Solar. We are based in India.

    Growing industry – Yes Sir.
    Industry that interests you – Yes it does.
    Industry where you have a chance – I think I do.

  7. Alexander Turnbull
    5. April 2011 at 01:53

    +10 :) Couldn’t agree more! Paras, you’re speaking my mind. Just followed up with a post here: http://bit.ly/hToZoZ

  8. zachaysan
    5. April 2011 at 06:17

    Hey, just a small quibble, but there are no companies on that list growing 1000% per year for 3 years. 10^3 equals 1000, or 100,000% after 3 years of compounding growth.

    That said, great post and nice data find.

  9. receivo
    5. April 2011 at 09:39

    [...] How to find startup ideas that make money (via HN) Find a startup idea that: a) is already making money for someone else in a growing industry; b) interests you; c) aligns with your skill sets. [...]

  10. Bob Cavezza
    5. April 2011 at 09:57

    It’s funny – when I think of my business ventures, the most successful was the local mobile detailing company that paid my way through college. Existing market, competitive market, but we owned 1 marketing channel (adwords) and we made a decent amount of money before we turned to “scalable businesses”.

  11. eugeneK
    5. April 2011 at 12:18

    I’m currently at stages of creating one and your article really helped me in some areas … Find market with competition and make better product. Google, Facebook and Microsoft did it. Just says everything.

    BTW nice tool you’ve made, seen it yesterday on Smashing Magazine. Probably won’t have time A/B testing my sites but really good tool for eCommerce

  12. Competition is good | Ideas on Marketing and Entrepreneurship
    5. April 2011 at 13:37

    [...] by existing maturing industries until my good friend Shara pointed me to an article entitled “How to find startup ideas that make money“. We tend to overlook these markets because we’re intimidated by the idea of [...]

  13. Sachin
    5. April 2011 at 14:59

    these are good points and can be converted to better idea…thanks

  14. Paul Carney
    6. April 2011 at 00:34

    It is so awesome that there are so many “boring” niches that just make a lot of money. Thanks, Paras, for pointing out what so many people are missing while they search for the “sexy” start-ups. As you state, they should instead focus on what can make money!

  15. STEF
    7. April 2011 at 13:20

    Absolutely great article!
    So obvious but nevertheless so forgotten most of the time.

  16. Timing Your Startup to be Relevant. « 7 Saturdays
    7. April 2011 at 19:22

    [...] rest of the article can be read here. Great [...]

  17. Vukašin
    17. April 2011 at 14:02

    Thanks for this. :)
    (Really, not a spam comment.) :D

  18. vanita singh
    25. May 2011 at 21:04

    I think that you should interact with lot of people and look at the problems that they are facing.The problem you solve must be of immense value to the people.

  19. Allan Ebdrup
    19. June 2011 at 02:14

    I’ve done all this (User friendly survey solution http://obsurvey.com) 4 years.
    Now I’m going to go completely against the advice here and try my hand at providing a completely new product offering. I’m aware that the big problem might that people:
    “are simply too busy to digest an entirely new idea or product offering”
    But I’m gonna try it anyway. Because I truly believe in the idea, and I know there is a need for it (I need it to).
    It’s going to be so much fun!

  20. The kick of a startup | Paras Chopra's Blog
    10. July 2011 at 19:59

    [...] Now, I guess, the theoretical question has been answered: it can be done! (And, apparently, it can be done by anyone — no special skills [...]

  21. John
    5. November 2011 at 21:01

    The biggest problem for me is coming up wth an idea so i’m going to follow your suggestions paras, while i still have the challange of coming up with an idea i feel that if i do as you suggested then it will make it a bit easier to find one.

    It makes more sense too, after all i want to have a business, not a project, i intend to make money, im not concerned about being cool, having the next wacky idea that never makes a penny.

    I’m currently reading Steve Blank’s The Four Steps To The Epiphany, and going into an existing market makes more sense than trying to create a new market.

  22. Kenster
    8. December 2011 at 12:13

    Grt post… A database of successful concepts (like http://www.100mills.com) may also be useful for people trying to launch proven startup concepts for untapped markets.

  23. deola kayode
    25. February 2012 at 11:29

    Simply powerful. Most startup proponents are techies who focus on what their solution/idea/app/website can do, rather than identify a market, solve a problem e.t.c.

    Thanks a lot! It’s helped me too!

  24. The essential startup team: content, analytics, design, engineering | Paras Chopra's Blog
    15. March 2012 at 12:42

    [...] about what would a minimal, initial team for a software startup comprise of. Imagine you have a brilliant idea for a startup and you have some funds to hire an initial team. But like most smart entrepreneurs, you want to [...]

  25. Josh Regen
    6. April 2012 at 20:54

    This helps a lot! There are just times when it is really hard to get good ideas! I am sure this article will help me get creative once again!

    btw: sorry for the not perfect english i am from germany ;)

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